The hottest new market and new opportunity II

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New markets and new opportunities (II)

4 The ownership structure of China's printing industry

the only state-owned enterprise that existed before the reform has undergone great changes in the past 25 years. As shown in Figure 7, of the 92400 printing enterprises, only 1000 are still state-owned enterprises, accounting for 8%. Many state-owned enterprises have been transformed into limited companies or joint-stock companies, allowing enterprise managers or employees to hold shares, and even allowing investors outside the enterprise to invest and account for major shares, There were 17000 such new enterprises in 2003, accounting for 18%. Collective ownership and individual ownership have become the main forms of ownership in the printing industry, reaching 24000 and 36000 respectively. The last category is foreign-invested printing enterprises (including those from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan), including joint ventures between foreign and mainland owners and wholly foreign-owned enterprises. There are only 2200 such printing enterprises, but most of them are medium to large-scale high-quality printing enterprises, which play an important role in the modernization process of China's printing industry. Bring new ideas in management, quality standards, high technology and various business models

5. Overseas investment in China's printing industry

the largest investors from overseas are Donnelly and Ellie Dennison from the United States, relief printing, Nippo and Xikou Youxiang from Japan, time printing and SNP (Singapore national printing and Publishing Group) from Singapore. Fucai and Yongfeng from Taiwan, Zhonghua business, Artus, Lifeng Accor, Qinda, Xingguang, Jinbei, yongjingtang Lijia, Changxing and other printing enterprises

after China joined the WTO in December 2001, the government approved 170 foreign-invested enterprises from 2002 to 2003, with a total investment of more than US $1billion. Of the 2200 foreign-invested printing enterprises, most of them built factories in Guangdong Province (about 1600) and Shanghai and its adjacent areas (about 200) with a short construction period

6. China's regional printing industry belt

due to the rapid development of coastal areas after the implementation of the opening-up and reform policies, regional printing industry belt is taking shape. The two printing centers that attract most foreign investors are the Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta

Due to its special geographical location adjacent to Hong Kong, the Pearl River Delta has become the most important printing production base in China. According to the statistics of the Hong Kong Printing Association, more than 1400 Hong Kong enterprises have invested in the region, with more than 300000 employees. The total output value of the printing industry exceeds the total output value of the national printing industry. How to do the on-site fault inspection of the three pressure testing machine? The above faults will cause the transmitter output to be abnormal or the measurement to be inaccurate, which mainly serves the local market and exports

another printing center is the Yangtze River Delta, which is composed of Shanghai, Jiangsu Province and Zhejiang Province. Centered on Shanghai, the Yangtze River Delta has become a trade and industrial center in the Middle East. The comprehensive output value of the printing industry here is close to that of the Pearl River Delta in the south, and the Yangtze River Delta, like the Pearl River Delta, is attracting more and more investors

what cannot be ignored is the Bohai Rim region, which is the publishing center of the country. There are more than 300 publishing houses, accounting for 40% of the national publishing market. However, compared with the printing industry in the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta, the printing industry in this region is relatively backward, and many publishing houses have to take their full-color books to the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta for printing

comparison of the economic strength of the three regions. As shown in Figure 8, the comprehensive GDP of the Pearl River Delta is 470billion US dollars, accounting for one-third of the country, 340billion US dollars in the Yangtze River Delta, accounting for 24%, and 360billion US dollars in the Bohai rim. This kind of new composite material uses plastic raw materials such as polyethylene, polypropylene and polyvinyl chloride to replace the usual resin adhesives, accounting for 25.4%. Together, the three regions account for 83% of the GDP of the national printing industry, and provide huge business opportunities

The relevant policies and regulations for foreign investment in China's printing industry are

1. China's relevant policies and regulations.

the State Council of the people's Republic of China promulgated the Interim Provisions on the establishment of foreign funded printing enterprises on January 29, 2002, in which Article 3 points out that the state allows the establishment of Sino foreign joint printing enterprises engaged in the printing and business activities of publications, packaging and decoration prints, and other prints, It is allowed to set up foreign-funded printing enterprises engaged in the printing and business activities of packaging and decoration prints

point 5 of Article 6 points out that the Chinese investors of the joint venture should control or dominate the Chinese foreign joint venture printing enterprises engaged in the printing business of publications and other printed materials. Among them, the chairman of a Sino foreign joint venture printing enterprise engaged in publication printing business activities shall be the Chinese party, and the Chinese party shall have more members of the board of directors than the foreign party. Therefore, if foreign investors (including investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) want to enter the publishing and printing field, they must first find Chinese partners before applying. This may be a long process, but it is much easier for the current packaging and printing, because they can build a fully controlled enterprise

the application procedure for establishing a foreign-invested printing enterprise is: first, apply to the publication administration department (if the investment amount exceeds 50 million US dollars, it must be approved by the General Administration of advanced non-ferrous materials for rail transit, aerospace, and power electronics, and then filed with the foreign investment administration department and obtained a license. Finally, obtain a business license from the administrative department for Industry and commerce.

before implementation, you should also be familiar with some relevant legal provisions:

Law of the people's Republic of China on foreign funded enterprises (promulgated on October 31, 2000)

Law of the people's Republic of China on Chinese foreign equity joint ventures (promulgated on April 4, 1990)

Law of the people's Republic of China on Chinese foreign contractual joint ventures (promulgated on October 31, 2000)

regulations on the administration of the printing industry (July 26, 2001)

Interim Provisions on the establishment of foreign-invested printing enterprises (January 29, 2002)

Interim Provisions on the qualifications of printing operators (January 2003)

the English version of these legal provisions can be found on the official website of the Ministry of Commerce of the people's Republic of China

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