The hottest low-carbon economy brings good opportu

2022-08-08
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Low carbon economy brings good opportunities for the development of the chemical industry

from the history of the development of the industrial revolution, every economic crisis will bring a major reshuffle and adjustment of the industrial structure, eliminate a number of backward industries and enterprises, and give birth to a number of emerging industries and enterprises. Many industries and enterprises have become victims of the economic crisis. As the saying goes, "thousands of sails pass by the side of a sunken ship, and thousands of trees spring before a sick tree." The world develops and advances in the negation of negation. The main achievement left by the economic crisis and the development engine of the world economy in the future may be the low-carbon economy, and the related industries and enterprises will become the trendsetters and leaders in the post crisis era

low carbon economy will bring good opportunities for the development of chemical industry. "Learn mathematics and chemistry well, and be afraid to travel all over the world" was once a buzzword in China in the last century. This concept dominated and affected the future and destiny of several generations of students. Common sense of chemistry tells us that "carbon" is a chemical element that widely exists in nature. It is the component of coal, oil, asphalt, limestone and other carbonates as well as all organic compounds. The element symbol of "carbon" is "C", and "carbon" and its compounds are widely used in industry, medicine and other fields. The motto of Beijing University of chemical technology is "Hongde erudition, chemical education and natural engineering". Chemical breeding and change are chemical characteristics. The same chemical element will produce two different substances due to different structures, such as the extremely hard diamond and the soft and fragile graphite. They are twin brothers, and their chemical composition is carbon. The reason for the different fate of these twin brothers is the different structures of carbon elements. Chemical industry is an industry that can decompose and synthesize chemical elements, change the material structure, and manufacture new substances

"carbon" was originally a "friend" of mankind, which has benefited mankind in the past and in the future. However, due to the rapid economic development, people consume coal, oil and other carbon resources without restraint, and constantly "move" the underground carbon to the ground. In addition, the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increasing due to the failure to properly capture, store and use, resulting in serious pollution of the natural environment, rising global temperatures, melting icebergs and rising sea levels, which has brought serious crisis to mankind

the transformation of carbon resources into carbon hazards is mainly realized through the process of chemical change. Therefore, "we need to tie the bell to solve the problem". To resolve this global climate crisis caused by high carbon, the chemical industry is duty bound. Low carbon economy not only brings severe challenges to the chemical industry, but also brings good opportunities for development

speaking of the severe challenges brought by low-carbon economy to the chemical industry, the main reasons are: under the pressure of GDP growth indicators, many places in China have weakened their awareness of energy conservation and environmental protection; Some chemical enterprises themselves are large consumers of energy, energy and carbon emissions, and most of the major pollution accidents in recent years are related to chemical enterprises; The structural contradictions in the chemical industry are relatively prominent, and it is urgent to adjust the structure and industrial layout as soon as possible to eliminate backward and excess capacity. There is great pressure and potential for energy conservation and consumption reduction and carbon emission reduction. Britain, the United States and other developed countries have become the pioneers of low-carbon economy. The UK has placed the development of low-carbon economy at the height of its national strategy and regarded it as the core of the future competitiveness of enterprises and countries. It hopes to reshape its international political and economic status by this, not only to create new business opportunities and employment opportunities through the development, application and export of low-carbon technologies, but also to become the world leader in supporting the transformation and development of countries around the world to a low-carbon economy. The Obama administration of the United States is also unwilling to lag behind in the competition of low-carbon economy. It takes the development of low-carbon economy as an important economic stimulus to deal with the crisis, plans to create 5million new energy, energy conservation and cleaner production jobs within 10 years, and plans to invest a lot of money in the development of low-carbon economic technology to lead the world trend. The British government established the Carbon Trust Co., Ltd. in 2001 and invested heavily in the research and development of carbon capture and storage technology (CCS) and accelerated the commercialization of technology. Dow, DuPont and other chemical companies in the United States adjusted their product structure a few years ago, stripped and transferred some high-carbon traditional industries, and have entered the fields of material science, life science and environmental science on a large scale

judging from the current development trend, we are facing severe challenges. China's chemical industry is facing a big but not strong situation, and there is still a certain gap compared with developed countries in the field of high-tech, including low-carbon economy. If we cannot attach great importance to it and catch up, the gap between us and developed countries will widen again and lose the right to speak in the post crisis era

while we see that the development of low-carbon economy brings severe challenges to the chemical industry, we should also see the opportunities for development

first, the chemical industry provides technology for carbon emission reduction

the development of low-carbon economy not only provides pressure and impetus for scientific and technological innovation and technological progress in the chemical industry, but also provides business opportunities for the development of the chemical industry. The chemical industry not only shoulders great responsibilities and obligations, but also has a huge space for development in achieving the carbon emission reduction goal. Relevant research shows that compared with non chemical products, chemical products can bring more carbon dioxide emission reduction. In all areas identified as carbon emission reduction, about 40% of them benefit from chemical products such as plastics and thermal insulation materials

China has become the world's largest auto sales country, and China's auto market still has great room for development. The technological progress of chemical products will greatly reduce the energy consumption of cars. For example, the use of engineering plastics and new composite materials with high stiffness, high strength, light weight, heat resistance and wear resistance will reduce the weight of auto parts by about 40%, thus greatly reducing fuel consumption

under the background of vigorously developing low-carbon economy, China's construction industry with huge space will vigorously promote the use of energy-saving and environmental protection materials, and chemical products such as polyurethane and polystyrene will show their skills and win the market. If energy-saving insulation materials can be widely used in the construction industry, the energy consumption of the construction industry can be reduced by more than 30%

promotion of catalytic pyrolysis (CPP) to ethylene technology; Ionic membrane electrolyzer replaces diaphragm electrolyzer; Carbon fiber materials replace metal materials of aircraft and wind power generation equipment; Regular cleaning of industrial boilers and so on will certainly become the development trend in the future. The chemical industry has a huge market in the process of developing a low-carbon economy and has great prospects. According to relevant information, if carbon fiber hopes to choose materials carefully when purchasing the experimental machine and can be used on the aircraft, it will save more than 20% fuel

Second, the chemical industry expands the market for carbon utilization

garbage is a resource placed in the wrong place. Greenhouse gases are escaping carbon dioxide. If we put resources in the right place, capture carbon dioxide before it escapes, adopt new chemical technology and new process, turn waste metal raw materials into treasure, and turn harm into benefit, it will be a cause with social and economic benefits. The chemical industry is the only one who can undertake this important task. Some chemical enterprises in China have made attempts and achieved success. For example, if carbon dioxide is used to produce dimethyl carbonate, combined with the coordinated development of policies and industries, methyl ester technology can turn a large amount of carbon dioxide emitted in industrial production. 5. The detection of products and semi-finished products into fine chemical products such as dimethyl carbonate. Through carbonyl synthesis and other technologies, carbon dioxide can react with hydrogen to produce methane, methanol, carbon fiber, engineering plastics, asphalt and building materials, which can not only reduce carbon dioxide emissions, but also expand the space for hydrogen energy utilization

Third, the chemical industry has opened up ways for carbon capture

the main methods to reduce carbon emissions in the industrial field are carbon capture in addition to using chemical methods to realize carbon utilization and turn waste into treasure. The main methods of carbon capture are carbon combustion and carbon storage. The United States has begun to inject carbon dioxide into oil fields in the 1970s to improve oil production. European countries have already implemented technologies to capture carbon in power plants and store carbon dioxide underground. According to relevant experts, China has mastered carbon capture, separation and purification technology, and the technology in the field of comprehensive utilization of carbon dioxide is not far from the world's advanced level. Although there are certain difficulties in the promotion and commercialization of carbon capture technology, we believe that with the increase of policy support, the development of the chemical industry and the expansion of international technological exchanges, carbon capture will become a new way for the development of the chemical industry

in the context of the world's vigorous development of low-carbon economy, it is time to change the concept of "talking about chemical change" and re understand and position the chemical industry. The development of low-carbon economy is inseparable from the development of chemical industry. China's transformation from an economic power to an economic power is inseparable from building a number of multinational chemical enterprises such as BASF, Dow Chemical and DuPont chemical

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